Although gum disease is a very common condition, many people have early gum disease and have absolutely no idea.
Gum disease is also known as gingivitis and periodontitis (periodontal disease) and is often closely linked to your general health and well-being.
Enhance dental is absolutely committed to looking after your gums just as much as the teeth themselves. We pride ourselves in preventing or detecting gum disease in its early stages so that it can be effectively treated.
The gums and jaw bone that surrounds your teeth is the primary support your teeth require to remain healthy and firmly in place. Advanced gum disease can weaken this support leading to loose teeth or worse still, tooth loss.
Enhance Dental is passionate about keeping your gums healthy since they form the foundation of long lasting healthy teeth. As the gums also frame your teeth, they are also essential for a beautiful smile!
What causes gum disease?
Gum disease is caused by plaque, a thick and sticky film containing bacteria that builds up on the teeth. Some of the plaque can harden to become tartar, known also as calculus. The plaque and tartar causes inflammation and infection of the gums that can make them red, swollen, tender painful or bleed easily.
In the early stages gum disease is known as gingivitis. If the gingivitis advances it then becomes a more serious condition called periodontitis (periodontal disease). Bacteria below the gum-line is the primary cause of periodontitis. The bacteria produce toxins that often causes the bone surrounding your teeth to dissolve away. Signs of periodontitis are not always obvious but may include bleeding gums, gum recession, gaps appearing between the teeth, abscesses, loose teeth, drifting teeth or bad breath/taste.
How is gum disease detected?
We carefully examine your medical history, teeth and gums and note if any plaque or tartar is present. Digital X-rays can show if the bone is falling away from the teeth. Fillings are also checked to ensure they are smooth, well shaped and not loose as they can cause plaque and tartar accumulation. The size, shape appearance and texture of the gum is checked as this can indicate gum disease. The gums may need to be measured with a periodontal probe to identify areas of bleeding, gum recession and depth of pockets between the tooth and gum.
Our caring and informative Enhance Dental dentists carefully check your gums for signs of gum disease. We are meticulous when it comes to professional removal (scale and clean or root planing) of any plaque and tartar (hardened plaque) as this is the primary method to treat and prevent gum disease.
We thouroghly assess other factors that often link with gum disease such as medical conditions (e.g diabetes, heart disease), medications, dietary habits, smoking and oral hygiene.